Should the Yankees shake up the shortstop position with star prospect?

isiah kiner-falefa, yankees

With the All-Star break approaching in a few weeks, the New York Yankees could look to give some of their top prospects a chance to feature at the Major League level. Given the Bombers feature a 13-game cushion in the AL East, now is the best chance to get players like Oswald Peraza some experience with the top team.

In addition, Isiah Kiner-Falefa, acquired in the Minnesota Twins trade, has struggled the infield’s most difficult spot. Last season, IKF posted a .972 fielding percentage at shortstop with 10 defensive runs saved above average, indicating stellar defensive play.

However, his numbers have dropped off significantly this season, posting a .964 fielding percentage with zero defensive runs saved above average.

Offensively, Kiner-Falefa has also struggled, hitting .263 with a 31.6% on base rate. He hasn’t hit a single home run the season, tallying 18 RBIs. With an 81 wRC+, IKF is playing below league average. This could suggest management give some reps to Peraza, who is crushing in the month of June.

The Yankees should give Oswald a chance to shine:

Peraza is currently on a 10-game hitting street, including five hits in his last two games with two homers. On the season, he’s hitting .239 with a 30% on-base rate and a .404 slugging percentage. He’s smacked nine homers with 23 RBIs, showing significantly more power than IKF, albeit at a lower level.

Defensively, there’s an argument to be made that Peraza might be a better option immediately at shortstop, recording a .977 fielding percentage with 23 double plays turned over 437.1 innings. While the Major League level is a bit different with higher velocity and added pressure, the Yankees have to give Peraza a chance at some point.

Luckily, he’s only 22 years old, so making his MLB debut now will give him a ton of confidence and added value if Cashman wants to flip him in a trade.

This likely wouldn’t be a permanent move given the confidence management has in Kiner-Falefa, but given the sizable cushion the Yankees have in the AL East and MLB standings in general, giving Peraza an opportunity to showcase his talents is a good thing.

New York Yankees: 3 trade pieces Cashman can use at the deadline

joey gallo, yankees

The New York Yankees are going to be active at the trade deadline in a few weeks. With World Series aspirations and a few cautionary situations bubbling before the All-Star break, general manager Brian Cashman has an opportunity to improve his team even further, despite having a luxurious 13-game lead in the AL East.

Recent reports indicated that Cashman could dive into the starting pitching market, notably for Cincinnati’s Luis Castillo or Oakland’s Frankie Montas. If he wants either starter or a top-end position player, he will need to package a competitive group of players.

Three trade pieces for the Yankees at the deadline:

1.) Joey Gallo

Many view Joey Gallo as a negative asset, but for a team looking to acquire a left-handed slugger, he has plenty of value. Considering he won a Gold Glove award last year and smacked 38 homers, he may find another team a bit easier to play for. The Yankees expect a lot out of their players and the fans are incredibly hostile when they don’t reach expectations.

Back in 2019, Gallo hit .253 with a 39% on-base rate with Texas, so it is difficult to understand how he’s only hitting .167 with a 27.6% on-base rate and nine homers this season with the Yankees. He has the talent to be very productive, but the Bombers might just be a bad fit.

2.) Everson Pereira

If the Yankees want to avoid utilizing one of their top prospects in a prospective trade, they can look to the tier below.

Everson Pereira could be an attractive option for some teams. In High-A, he’s hitting .274 with a 35% on-base rate, including seven homers and 32 RBIs over 279 plate appearances. Pereira is quickly climbing through the minor-league system at 21 years old, meaning a few more years could help them develop into a legitimate MLB player.

MLB Pipeline raves about his power and technique:

Added to New York’s 40-man roster in November, Pereira always has had a quick right-handed stroke and now that he has gotten significantly stronger since turning pro, he’s producing some of the highest exit velocities in the system. He has geared his swing to launch balls in the air and has the hand-eye coordination to make it work, though his approach does lead to strikeouts. He initially looked like a potential plus hitter with average power, but now that profile has reversed.

3.) Oswald Peraza

If Cashman is willing to roll out the big guns for a trade package, he could look to Oswald Peraza as a cornerstone piece. Peraza has been unbelievable in the month of June, recording five hits in his last two games, including two homers. In fact, Peraza is currently on a 10-game hitting streak.

With Isiah Kiner-Falefa struggling at shortstop, there’s an argument to be made Peraza should be given an opportunity at the big league level this season. Given his substantial value, though, he could be flipped for a stud pitcher or even an outfielder like Ian Happ. He would have to be part of a bigger deal, but his presence certainly gets the ball rolling.

Yankees: Anthony Volpe’s slow start isn’t concerning, but it teaches important lesson

anthony volpe, yankees

The New York Yankees concluded the 2021 season knowing they had a problem at the shortstop position. Gleyber Torres was abysmal at the position and Brian Cashman admitted that they needed to address it in the offseason.

The free agent class this past offseason was the greatest free agent class of all time in regards to shorstops. However, Brian Cashman also had in the back of his mind that the Yankees two top prospects were shortstops.

Would he spend big or would he find a stop-gap? In the end, he went with the latter and acquired Isiah Kiner-Falefa much to the dismay of fans. IKF was brought on due to his ability to make contact and play good defense. Well, he hasn’t shown much for Yankees fans to be excited about so far.

The rationale for Cashman was that star prospects Anthony Volpe and Oswald Peraza were right around the corner. While the organization loves Peraza, it seems clear that they are intent on making Anthony Volpe the next face of the franchise.

Volpe is already being labeled as the next Derek Jeter by many. He’s a New Jersey kid who was drafted in the first round by the Yankees a few years ago. He’s climbed up the prospect rankings and many believe that he can be baseball’s top prospect by the end of the year.

Yankees Unrealistic Expectations

On one hand, I absolutely love the fact that the Yankees believe in their prospects so much. However, on the other hand, I get incredibly frustrated at the amount of unnecessary pressure that gets put on kids to perform at the highest level.

It’s known how passionate Yankees fans are. Us as fans always want to know about the next crop of prospects that could turn into the next “Core Four”. What the front office does a terrible job of is giving fans unreasonable expectations.

It’s perfectly fine to say that a prospect can turn into a star. However, it’s a very risky game to play in passing on trades or star free agents for guys who have yet to see an advanced stage of the minor leagues. You’re telling the fans that unproven prospects are worth more than MLB proven stars.

Now, I am in the camp that believes Jasson Dominguez and Anthony Volpe are going to be great players for New York. I firmly believe that both have a great chance to be All Stars and faces of the franchise for many years to come.

However, it’s important to use the word “chance”. There are no guarantees and prospects not panning out has played out way more than it hasn’t. In the past few years we’ve been told that Chance Adams was going to be an ace, Deivi Garcia was like Pedro Martinez, and Clint Frazier was going to be a perennial all star.

Let the prospects play and lower the expectations

I use those three because all three were requested in big trades and the Yankees said no. Two are no longer with the organization and were let go for nothing while the other (Garcia) has gone from a top prospect to barely hanging on in the Yanks top 30.

Last year, Jasson Dominguez made his professional debut and many were underwhelmed. He had an okay season, but when he was labeled as the next Mickey Mantle, fans were left disappointed with the teenagers first year.

Anthony Volpe has started this year 3-20 in Double-A. It’s an extremely small sample size, but I’m already seeing some Yankees fans online complain. Why? Well, when he’s being touted as the next Derek Jeter, anything short of superstar numbers is a disappointment.

At the end of the day, us as fans and the Yankees organization need to taper back the expectations. Let these guys work their way through the minors and stop overhyping before they reach higher levels. Anthony Volpe hadn’t even seen Double-A before this year and the Yankees have placed all their faith in him.

I believe they are going to be great, but the hype is setting them up to fail. If Dominguez and Volpe come up and produce as solid major league players, it’s not going to be good enough. They have to be stars, and the Yankees are telling you they will be.

That’s not only unfair to the players, it’s unfair to the fans. Don’t get wrapped up in the numbers right now and don’t hit the panic button. Realize there are going to be many ups and downs just like there are with our favorite major leaguers.

Don’t buy into the hype 100%. Instead, buy in some while keeping the possibility of failure in the back of your mind. Doing this saves you and the Yankees from being left in no man’s land if someone doesn’t pan out to be the star the team sold you on.

Brian Cashman and New York Yankees playing with prospect fire, could they get burned?

New York Yankees, Yankees, Brian Cashman

The New York Yankees made their first move of the offseason a couple of nights ago. New York traded Gio Urshela and Gary Sanchez for Josh Donaldson, Isiah Kiner-Filefa, and Ben Rortfedt from the Twins.

It was a little bit of a head-scratching move, but it makes some sense. The Yankees were ready to move on from Gary Sanchez and they needed a shortstop. In Josh Donaldson, they feel like they upgraded at third and upgrading across the board was worth taking on the Donaldson salary.

Yesterday, we saw one of the Yanks biggest offseason targets come off the board. From the moment the offseason began, there was chatter that the Yankees really wanted to make a trade with Oakland for superstar first baseman, Matt Olson.

However, the prospect haul would have to be big and Cashman seemed resistant. Well, the Atlanta Braves were willing to do it and they secured the start lefty. Now, the Yankees are still trying to figure out the first base position.

They are in on Freddie Freeman. However, most believe it’s going to be a steep hill to climb to get him. A reunion with Anthony Rizzo could be in the cards, but there’s something that’s struck me in the last couple of days about the Yankees approach this offseason.

Yankees Prospects and Holding on Too Long

A few years ago, Gary Sanchez could’ve been the centerpiece of a trade that brought a legit star to the Yankees. Clint Frazier, Chance Adams, and Miguel Andjuar were requested by the Pirates a few years ago for Gerrit Cole.

Deivi Garcia and Estavan Florial were asked about in trades for proven MLB starting pitchers. Gleyber Torres was asked about in many trades that could’ve brought stars back to the Yankees that could’ve drastically helped this club potentially win a World Series.

Brian Cashman turned down major trades over and over again to hold onto these prospects out of the fear of missing out. In the last few years, there’s really only been one prospect Cashman has held onto that’s turned out to be a star and that’s Aaron Judge.

Remember Greg Bird? Look, I absolutely love the fact that Brian Cashman truly believes in his guys. However, he has really developed a horrible habit of holding onto guys until they virtually have no value at all.

You will not find a bigger fan of Anthony Volpe than me. I also love Oswald Peraza and Jasson Dominguez. They all are sensational prospects. However, all three of them are far from guarantees and Yankees fans have to hope they pan out.

The Prospect Problem and Hopium

Let me ask you, if you were told that Jasson Dominguez and Oswald Peraza were traded for Matt Olson, but the Yankees won a World Series next year would you do it? I would hope many if not all would say yes.

Cashman has behaved like a GM who is half in and half out. Half of him wants to build for the future while the other half wants to win now. You can’t have it both ways and the Yankees are 13 years removed from a World Series as a result.

If Anthony Volpe turns out to be the next Derek Jeter and Dominguez turns out to be the next Mickey Mantle, Cashman is a genius. However, if they both flame out, Yankees fans will once again be left wondering, what if?

What if Gerrit Cole was traded to New York instead of Houston? What if the Yankees acquired Jose Ramirez or Francisco Lindor a couple of years ago for a package headlined by Gleyber Torres.

Yesterdays trade will be another what if? What if the Yankees had made the prospect package needed to acquire Matt Olson. Time will tell, but it’s a risky game that has burned Cashman more times than not in recent memory. I truly hope he’s right this time.

The Yankees already have their answer at shortstop, they just need to commit

The New York Yankees and general manager Brian Cashman could open up their checkbook and sign a big free agent at shortstop, but they could also commit to a prospect with upside.

Unloading another decade-long contract worth over $300 million on a player like Carlos Correa would only put management in another hole. Given these long deals have often come back to bite the Yankees in the butt, trusting their youth development is a far more efficient method of building a championship roster.

Looking over at teams like the Tampa Bay Rays and Toronto Blue Jays, they have done a phenomenal job growing from within and keeping their costs down in the process. The Yankees made a ton of coaching changes this off-season, but at some point, they need to begin giving their youth more opportunities, especially at important positions.

One player who could be ready to make the leap next season is Oswald Peraza, who featured predominantly with Double-A Somerset last season at 21 years old.

Peraza got called up to feature with Scranton/Wilkes-Barre in Triple-A, but only enjoyed 28 at-bats. Despite a small sample size, Peraza hit .286 with one homer and two RBIs. Altogether with Hudson Valley, Somerset, and Scranton, he compiled a .297 average with 18 homers and 58 RBIs over 115 games.

Defensively, he recorded a .969 fielding percentage with 10 errors over 858.2 innings. His defensive quality may take some time to adjust, but as other teams have done, putting their youngsters in positions to grow and experience big league baseball has fueled a new wave of talent.

There is no doubt that Oswald has all the attributes to be a quality player at the next level, given the Yankees don’t utilize him as trade bait this off-season. gushed about Peraza’s defensive capabilities:

Peraza could have four plus tools once he’s fully developed. He has smooth actions at shortstop, the arm to make any throw necessary and a good internal clock that helps him slow the game down defensively. He makes good use of his plus speed and stole 44 bases in 54 attempts in 159 games over his first three pro seasons.

Overspending on Correa or Trevor Story isn’t advised, but rather finding a stopgap solution that the Yankees can easily supplement with Peraza at some point next season might be the best course of action. They have to find out what Peraza is capable of in the majors before committing to a long-term contract. The upward trajectory of Anthony Volpe also throws a wrench into the equation.
Who’s to say Volpe or Peraza changes positions, and they feature together with the Yankees down the line?

ESPN’s top 100 prospects list has four Yankees’ future stars

New York Yankees, Jasson Dominguez

The current MLB-imposed lockout is preventing us from saying that it’s baseball season, unfortunately. However, at least it’s prospects season: Baseball America, The Athletic, FanGraphs, and Baseball Prospectus have published their top 100 rankings for 2022 already, and ESPN joined the fun this week. The New York Yankees have four players on that list.

Prospect specialists Kiley McDaniel is the author of the list. You can probably guess the first three: shortstop Anthony Volpe is the sixth-best prospect in baseball, while Oswald Peraza (25) and Jasson Dominguez (32) achieved high positions and represent the Yankees very well. The fourth on the list? Outfielder Everson Pereira.

Here is what McDaniel had to say about each Yankees prospect:

  1. Anthony Volpe, SS

Volpe has probably created the most prospect value with his 2021 performance of any player in the minor leagues. He now projects as top-10 shortstop, a 3-to-5 WAR, potential multi-time All-Star due to the broad number of ways he can add value (and) now Volpe kind of looks like the current version of (Bo) Bichette.

  1. Oswald Peraza, SS

I think he’ll hit about .270 with an average-ish walk rate and 15-18 homers in his best years; that’s a roughly three-win player, and this one will start the year in Triple-A.

  1. Jasson Dominguez, CF

Early buzz is that he’s debulked a bit and is down 10 to 15 pounds with a more simplified swing, addressing the two legitimate concerns pro scouts raised from his 2021 campaign.

  1. Everson Pereira, CF

He’s probably always going to have a 20-30% strikeout rate given his power-based approach, and he’s fringy in center field right now, so he could slide over to right field eventually. … His approach, in-game use of power, defensive instincts and stat line as an extremely young prospect for his level show his potential, too. … This rocket could be ready for takeoff in 2022.

The Athletic’s Keith Law and Baseball America both had three Yankees prospects in their top 100: Volpe, Peraza, and Dominguez.

Yankees could make surprise position change to star prospect

The Yankees are incredibly high on shortstop prospects Anthony Volpe and Oswald Peraza, indicated by Andy Martino of SNY. General manager Brian Cashman is unwilling to part ways with his young players, which has been a problematic reality for him in the past. Just take a look at Gary Sanchez, Miguel Andujar, and Gleyber Torres for the latest proof that sometimes selling high on a prospect can return great rewards.

However, Cashman is keen to give Volpe and Peraza an opportunity to lock down an infield spot. The problem is, both prospects are likely at least one year away from making their MLB debut, but looking over at other teams and what they’ve done with minor-league prospects, giving them opportunities at the top level, management should consider elevating Peraza to the active roster this season to provide him a few reps.

Last year, Peraza hit .297 with 18 homers and 58 RBIs, recording a .477 slugging percentage and .3 56 OBP. Peraza also stole 38 bases, showcasing his awesome athleticism.

Peraza’s scouting report, per

Added to the 40-man roster in November, Peraza has the best all-around tools among Yankees infield prospects. He has quality bat-to-ball skills and controls the strike zone well, allowing him to make consistent line-drive contract from the right side of the plate. He needs to get stronger but already generates some of the highest exit velocities in the system and could develop 15-20 homer power once he learns to drive the ball in the air more frequently.

Volpe, on the other hand, posted a .294 average with 27 Homers and 86 RBIs over 109 games in lower a ball.

Volpe’s scout report, via

While Volpe isn’t physically imposing, he’s an advanced hitter with a compact right-handed swing. After posting an uncharacteristic 25 percent strikeout rate in his debut, he has made much more consistent contact during his first full season. And after initially projecting as a hit-over-power guy who might reach double digits in home runs once he added strength, he’s now driving the ball more, hitting it harder than ever and looking like at least a 20-homer threat.

Considering Volpe and Peraza both play the same position, it’s possible that Yankees management looks to inject one of them at either the hot corner or at second base, depending on what they do with Gleyber Torres in the future.

If Cashman is unwilling to utilize either in a prospective trade, that is the only logical explanation for his resistance. Both players are more than capable of making the transition, featuring quality arm talent and superior athleticism.

Yankees could go with a familiar face at first base, but it will cost them

anthony rizzo, yankees

When and if a new Collective Bargaining Agreement can be reached, the New York Yankees will have several issues to solve, and they may have less than two weeks to do it. There are three major issues that the Yankees have on their plate. A new shortstop, a permanent first baseman, and the possibility of needing another starting pitcher. Getting that shortstop seems to be the priority, but deciding on a first baseman for the new season is just as important.

When we speak about first base, the Yankees do have obvious options. They already have Luke Voit on the books, they could re-sign last year’s acquisition of Anthony Rizzo, who is a free agent. The other options are a trade with the Oakland Athletics for Matt Olson, and lastly, spending big for the Atlanta Braves’ Freddie Freeman.

Although, still very unclear as to what the Yankees will do, here is how things are shaping up. Voit, although the cheapest way to go, and already held over for another season, was not productive at the first base position last season after being the home run leader in 2020. He could be satisfactory, but his inability to keep the lower part of his body (feet and knees) healthy could be a challenge for the Yankees, keeping him off the field and becoming useless. So let’s say he is not the most desirable to take on the job.

Herein comes the roadblocks. The Yankees hiring the Braves Freddie Freeman seems pretty unlikely. This is true mainly because he will demand a contract in the area of $180 million over the next six years. That is something the Yankees, although interested, might not be willing to pay. He has already refused the Braves’ offer and seems likely not to stray too far from those wants. N

No matter how attractive to the Yankees, being the best man for the job, the Yankees have to consider they may have to pay big for a shortstop and a pitcher, they also have slugger Aaron Judge, the face of the Yankees, waiting in the wings for a big contract extension. Add that to two huge contracts, Stanton and Cole, already on the books, the money doesn’t seem to be there to add Freddie Freeman.

The second roadblock would be the acquisition of Matt Olsen from the Athletics. Before the lockout, the two sides in that discussion could not form a deal. The A’s wanted Anthony Volpe in a trade package that also might include Oswald Peraza. The Yankees refused.

According to SNY’s Andy Martino, the Yankees were unwilling to send top shortstop prospects Anthony Volpe and/or Oswald Peraza to the A’s in exchange for Olson before the lockout. Several other analysts also echoed that suggestion. Unless the Yankees do a complete turnaround, that trade does not look likely, as the Yankees will be unwilling to strip their farm system for one player.

The answer that is becoming more clear by the day is that the Yankees will settle with re-signing Anthony Rizzo. There are several reasons that that choice makes sense. For one, although not the most important consideration, is that Rizzo likes New York and wants to remain with the team.

Last season he disappointed some, but still, in 49 games played after the trade deadline, he hit .249 with 8 home runs. Between the Yankees and the Cubs, the only other team he has ever played for, he hit a total of 21 home runs, nothing to make fun of. Also, the Yankees have to consider his excellent defense. His home run total and batting average was better than Voit and has a much better injury history than Voit. Considering all these facts, it seems the best overall option for the Yankees is to resign Anthony Rizzo.

Report: Yankees are unwilling to include their two top shortstop prospects in trade packages

Every team in the league knows that the New York Yankees are looking for a shortstop and would like to upgrade pitching and first base, mainly because they don’t trust Luke Voit to remain healthy for a full season.

The Yankees have been linked with a trade with the Oakland Athletics for all of the offseason. They have the pitchers (Chris Bassitt, Frankie Montas, and Sean Manaea) and the first baseman (Matt Olson) that interest the Bombers.

However, a trade may not happen at all, because the Yankees don’t want to part with their top prospects. According to Andy Martino of SNY, New York is strongly opposed to the idea of giving away top shortstop prospects Anthony Volpe and Oswald Peraza. Both made recent top 100 prospects list, with Volpe universally considered a top-15 asset.

Olson, 28 by the time the season starts, will not be cheap: he has two seasons of team control remaining and is fresh off putting a 5.0-fWAR season. He hit .271/.371/.540 with 39 home runs, 111 RBI, and a 146 wRC+, and is considered an excellent defensive first baseman.

The A’s asked for the moon, understandably, but the Yankees didn’t bite

Naturally, he would cost some assets, and the A’s, understandably, would ask for the moon. And that includes Volpe or Peraza plus other pieces, but the Yankees are reluctant.

Martino confirmed that the aforementioned scenario took place before the lockout: the Yankees were unwilling to include their young shortstops in any negotiations.

The A’s are expected to shed payroll, but they have some leverage because the Atlanta Braves also want Olson. If they re-sign Freddie Freeman, though, they may be forced to take a package they don’t want.

If the Yankees sign one of the top-two shortstops available in free agency, Carlos Correa or Trevor Story, they would be much more inclined to trade Gleyber Torres than their two top prospects at the position.

New York Yankees: A year makes a difference; view 2022 top prospects

New York Yankees, Jasson Dominguez

The New York Yankees are blessed with one of the best lists of prospects in both leagues. One of the reasons is that they have made good use of the international markets. This year they have picked up the number one international prospect in Rodrick Arias, yet another shortstop to bolster the minor league position. In 2019 they acquired phenom Jasson Dominguez, their number one prospect since then. But as time marches on, so do those rankings.

Here is a look at the rankings from FanGraphs in February 2021:

  1. Jason Dominguez, center fielder. Age 17.10, expected arrival 2025, FV 50.
  2. Deivi Garcia, starting pitcher. Age 21.7, expected arrival 2021 FV50.
  3. Oswald Peraza, shortstop. Age 20.6, expected arrival 2022 FV50.
  4. Clarke Schmidt, starting pitcher. Age 2025, expected arrival 2021 FV50.
  5. Alexander Vargas, shortstop. Age 19.3, expected arrival 2023 FV50.

Since then, there have been some significant changes. Jasson Dominguez has slipped out of first place and now sits at number four on the list. The main reason for the slip is that he didn’t have an overwhelming 2021 at the Tampa A level, even though he remains a powerful hitting from both sides of the plate.

Deivi Garcia slipped from number two to number ten. After a promising season at Scranton and at the Stadium, he had a horrible season at the AAA Railriders in 2021. So here are the 2022 FanGraph rankings.

  1. Antony Volpe, shortstop. Age 20.7, expected arrival 2024 FV60.
  2. Oswald Peraza, shortstop. Age 21.6, expected arrival 2022 FV50
  3. Luis Media, right-hand pitcher. Age 22.7, expected arrival 2022 FV50.
  4. Jasson Dominguez, center fielder. Age 18.9, expected arrival 2025 FV50.
  5. Alexander Vargas, shortstop. Age 20.2, expected arrival 20.2 FV50.

The 2022 list is quite a turnaround from just a year ago. Anthony Volpe wasn’t even in the top ten last year and now sits at the best the Yankees have to offer. He had a stellar year between two teams, Tampa Tarpons and the Hudson Valley Renegades; he hit 27 homers driving in 86 and with a .294 batting average while remaining a good defender at short.

Also, Oswald Peraza and Luis Media had good years last season as well. Peraza advanced three steps to AAA Scranton/Wilkes Barre. He hit 18 home runs between the three teams, driving in 57 with a .297 batting average. Luis Media had a 6-4 record with an ERA of 3.81, with two teams advancing to the Somerset Patriots.

My only problem with these rankings is that they placed Deivi Garcia ahead of Luis Gil. Gil made great strides for the Yankees last season, striking out more hitters than Garcia. Gil pitched in six games with an ERA of just 3.07 and a higher (0.4) WAR than Garcia. Look for other Yankees prospects to make an impact this season. You will surely see Clarke Schmidt on the mound sometime this season. You may also see Stephen Ridings on the mound.